Esther Lightner Matson and Frank A. Matson autograph albums
- 1880 - 1899
- Matson, Esther Lightner, 1869-1936 (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
Biographical / Historical
Esther Matson was the daughter of Isaiah Lightner, a Quaker who served as an Indian Agent of the Santee Reservation between 1877 and 1884.
The Santee Normal Training School was founded by The Reverend Alfred L. Riggs, a Congregational missionary, in 1870 for members of the Santee Sioux Tribe who had been exiled from their ancestral home in Minnesota following the Sioux uprising of 1862. After the Dakota War of 1862, the government displaced many of these people. They were punished by hanging, condemned to prisons in Davenport, Iowa or forcibly removed from their home territory.
Reverend Riggs was strongly convinced of the importance of teaching in the Dakota language. As an educator and linguist, he understood that thought and philosophy were closely related to the spoken Dakota words. Government agencies were strongly opposed to the use of the Dakota language in classroom instruction. The Episcopal Church, the American Board of Foreign Missions, and the Federal Government suspended the classes because they were almost entirely in the Dakota language. Government aid to the school ended in 1893. The school closed in 1936. Like the Santee Normal School and other Native American Schools of the same time, the missionaries with government influence wanted to christianize the Genoa Industrialize School and eradicate their native Omaha language. The Genoa School operated from 1884 to 1934.
Sources: Dealer notes
Website of Original Santee Normal Training School retrieved 9/17/21 http://www.santeedakota.org/santee_normal_training_school.htm Wade, Jess, "Exploring the scarred, “tragic history” of Nebraska’s Genoa Indian School” Omaha World-Herald, August 6, 2021. Updated December 20, 2021. Retrieved 9/17/21 https://omaha.com/news/state-and-regional/exploring-the-scarred-tragic-history-of-nebraskas-genoa-indian-school/article_000e9546-f489-11eb-8105-5fb3160d2108.html
For more information and photographs of the Genoa Indian School from History Nebraska: History Nebraska Blog retrieved 9/17/21 Flashback Friday: The Tragedies and Successes of the Genoa Indian School https://history.nebraska.gov/blog/flashback-friday-tragedies-and-successes-genoa-indian-school
For additional information about the Relocation of Sioux: Source Wikipedia: retrieved 9/17/21 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sioux
See also The Genoa Indian School Digital Reconciliation Project is a new effort to tell the story of these children through record digitization, oral histories, community narratives and artifacts. The project is a collaboration between the University of Nebraska-Lincoln; Genoa U.S. Indian School Foundation; community advisers from the Omaha, Pawnee, Ponca, Santee Sioux and Winnebago tribes of Nebraska; and descendants of those who attended the school.School
For more information on the project, visit genoaindianschool.org or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
.06 Cubic Feet (2 letter sized folders)
Language of Materials
Immediate Source of Acquisition
- Guide to the Esther Lightner Matson and Frank A. Matson autograph albums
- Matson, Esther Light and Matson, Frank A. autograph albums
- Initial record created by Rose Oliveira.
- 13 April 2021
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
Part of the Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library Repository
Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library
P.O. Box 400110
University of Virginia
Charlottesville Virginia 22904-4110 United States