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     MANUSCRIPTS and ARCHIVAL MATERIAL

Anna Manahan newspaper clippings and photocopies

 Collection — Box: BW 38, Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 16613

Content Description

Newspaper clippings and photocopies regarding Anna Manahan who lived in Charlottesville, Virginia and purported to be Anastasia Nikolaevna, daughter of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia.

Dates

  • 1983 - 1984

Biographical / Historical

Anna Anderson Manahan (16 December 1896 – 12 February 1984) claimed to be Grand Duchess Anastasia of Russia.[1] Anastasia, the youngest daughter of the last Tsar and Tsarina of Russia, Nicholas II and Alexandra, was murdered along with her parents and siblings on 17 July 1918 by communist revolutionaries in Yekaterinburg, Russia, but the location of her body was unknown until 2007.[2][3]

In 1920, Anderson was institutionalized in a mental hospital after a suicide attempt in Berlin. At first, she went by the name Fräulein Unbekannt (German for Miss Unknown) as she refused to reveal her identity.[4] Later, she used the name Tschaikovsky and then Anderson. In March 1922, claims that Anderson was a Russian grand duchess first received public attention. Most members of Grand Duchess Anastasia's family and those who had known her, including court tutor Pierre Gilliard, said Anderson was an impostor but others were convinced she was Anastasia. In 1927, a private investigation funded by the Tsarina's brother, Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse, identified Anderson as Franziska Schanzkowska, a Polish factory worker with a history of mental illness. After a lawsuit lasting many years, the German courts ruled that Anderson had failed to prove she was Anastasia, but through media coverage, her claim gained notoriety.[5]

Between 1922 and 1968, Anderson lived in Germany and the United States with various supporters and in nursing homes and sanatoria, including at least one asylum. She emigrated to the United States in 1968. Shortly before the expiration of her visa she married history professor Jack Manahan. Upon her death in 1984, Anderson's body was cremated, and her ashes were buried in the churchyard at Castle Seeon, Germany.

After the collapse of communism in the Soviet Union, the locations of the bodies of the Tsar, Tsarina, and all five of their children were revealed. Multiple laboratories in different countries confirmed their identity through DNA testing.[2] DNA tests on a lock of Anderson's hair and surviving medical samples of her tissue showed that her DNA did not match that of the Romanov remains or that of living relatives of the Romanovs.[7] Instead, Anderson's mitochondrial DNA matched that of Karl Maucher, a great-nephew of Franziska Schanzkowska.[8] Most scientists, historians and journalists who have discussed the case accept that Anderson and Schanzkowska were the same person.[9]

Sources: Anna Anderson Wikipedia retrieved 10/21/2021 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anna_Anderson

Coble et al.; Godl (1998) Coble et al.; Rogaev et al. Discovery solves mystery of last Czar's family, CNN, 30 April 2008, archived from the original on 21 May 2008, retrieved 1 July 2009 Klier and Mingay, p. 93; Berlin Police report, quoted by Krug von Nidda in I, Anastasia, p. 89 Klier and Mingay, p. 109; Kurth, Anastasia, pp. 10, 53 Tucker Stoneking et al.; Van der Kiste and Hall, p. 174 Stoneking et al. Coble et al.; Gutterman; Massie, p. 249; Sieff; Sykes, p. 75

Extent

0.03 Cubic Feet (1 folder)

Language of Materials

English

Title
Guide to Anna Manahan newspaper clippings and photocopies
Status
Completed
Author
Ellen Welch
Date
2021-10-21
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin

Repository Details

Part of the Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library Repository

Contact:
Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library
P.O. Box 400110
University of Virginia
Charlottesville Virginia 22904-4110 United States