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Thomas Reynolds citizenship certificates

 Unprocessed — Folder: ViU2022-0036_001
Identifier: ViU-2022-0036

Content Description

This collection consists of two documents of Thomas Reynolds, one certificate of citizenship for the Confederate States of America and another for Great Britain. Both are dated and signed on the same day, September 16, 1862. The certificate for the Confederacy claims Reynolds made an oath and volunteered to serve in the military. Meanwhile, the certificate from the British consular brings Reynolds under British protection against the Confederacy conscription saying he never stopped being a British citizen. These contrasting documents come from the Civil War era, where deserters and substitutes for them in the military were becoming a big problem. Document of the British Consulate, with engraved Royal Crest letterhead: State of Virginia No. 1497. I, Frederick J. Cridland, Her Britannic Majesty's Acting Consul for the State of Virginia, do hereby certify, that the bearer, Mr. Thomas Reynolds - a native of Ireland - is a subject of Her Britannic Majesty who has never forfeited his claim to the protection of the Queen by becoming a subject or a citizen of any foreign state. The bearer is 36 years of age. Given under my hand and Seal of Office, at the City of Richmond, this 16 day of September 1862. Mr. F. Cridland HRM Acting Consul. Printed document with message hand-written in brown ink. Yellow paper seal lower left. Document of the Confederate States of America: Thomas Reynolds, a native of Ireland, aged 36 years, this day declared on oath before me, Clerk of the District Court of the Confederate States of America, for the Eastern District of Virginia, that he is at present residing within the State of Virginia, and that it is bona fide his intention to reside within the Confederate States of America, with the intent to become a citizen thereof, and that he doth acknowledge the authority of the Government of the said Confederate States. Given under my hand this 16th day of September 1862: A true transcript from the records of the District Court aforesaid. In testimony whereof I hereto subscribe my name and annex the seal of the said Court on the day and year aforementioned, Loftin N. Ellett, clk. Document printed on gray paper, with hand-written names, dates, and signatures.

Acquisition Type



Purchased, 15 February 2022

Restrictions Apply



  • September 16, 1892



.04 Cubic Feet (1 legal size folder)


2 certificates