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Richard Henderson Junior Notes on Millars Institute Lectures, Second Course, 1779-1780

Identifier: MSS-86-3

Scope and Contents

The two volumes in this collection contain a transcription of Millar's law lectures at the University of Glasgow made by student, Richard Henderson in 1779-1780.


  • Creation: 1779 - 1780


Biographical / Historical

John Millar was born in Lanarkshire on 22 June 1735, the son of a minister of the Church of Scotland. When his father was transferred to a church in Hamilton in 1737, the young Millar went to live with his father’s brother, John, with whom he would reside for the next five years. He attended grammar school in Hamilton beginning in 1742, and entered the University of Glasgow in 1746, at the age of eleven. While there, he attended the lectures of Adam Smith, who arrived at the university in 1751.

In 1759 Millar married Margaret Craig; they would have thirteen children, eleven of whom (four boys, seven girls) survived infancy. After being admitted to the bar in 1760, Millar accepted an offer to reside in the home of Lord Kames, in order to supervise the education of Kames’ son. During this time he also made the acquaintance of David Hume, whose metaphysics he would later defend against the criticisms of Thomas Reid and whose nephew — a future professor of law himself — he taught.

In 1761, with the support of Adam Smith and Lord Kames, Millar was elected to the Chair of Civil Law at Glasgow. His regular teaching duties included a course on Civil (Roman) Law and another on Public Law, or the Principles of Government. Millar was very popular in the classroom on account of the manner of his teaching, as well as for his enthusiasm for his subject and his personal support for his students. He was also extremely active in faculty matters during his forty years at the university.

Millar’s activities in Glasgow extended beyond the university campus. In addition to teaching law, he practiced it, trying cases personally, as well as serving as both counsel and arbitrator. He was a member of the Literary Society, a club founded by Smith in 1752 that included among its members the philosopher Thomas Reid, the inventor James Watt, and the chemist William Cullen. Millar, always a defender of personal liberty, was also active in the anti-slavery movement of his day.

Millar’s most well-known work is The Origin of the Distinction of Ranks (1771). It went through four editions, the final of which appeared in 1801 and contained an ‘Account of the Life and Writings of John Millar’ written by Millar’s nephew John Craig. The book adopts a stadial model of human social history to examine a series of authority relations. The most well-known of these analyses is the first chapter, which looks at the ways in which women’s social status increases or decreases as the dominant mode of production in a society changes.

Other works include a constitutional history of Britain entitled An Historical View of the English Government (1787) and a collection of political papers critical of the British government’s decision to go to war with France published as Letters of Crito (1796).

John Millar died on 30 May, 1801.

Fred Ablondi, Hendrix College

Ablondi, Fred, "John Millar," International Association for Scottish Philosophy, (accessed December 14, 2015)


2 Volumes

Language of Materials



18th century student notes of Millar's lectures in Glasgow.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

This collection was a gift of G. Galt Bready, Class of '52

Language of description
Script of description
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Repository Details

Part of the Arthur J. Morris Law Library Special Collections Repository

Arthur J. Morris Law Library
580 Massie Road
University of Virginia
Charlottesville Virginia 22903 United States